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All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Adjusted EBIT

Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBIT) adjusted for exceptional items in the form of one-time charges, onetime gains and restructuring charges. 

Beta factor

Reflects the systemic risk (market risk) of a share price compared to a certain index (stock market average): in the case of a beta factor of 1.0, the share price fluctuates to the same extent as the index. If the factor is less than 1.0, this indicates that the share price undergoes less fluctuation, while a factor above 1.0 indicates that the share price fluctuates more than the market average. 

Capital employed

Capital invested in company assets and operations. Equity + interest-bearing liabilities. 

Cash flows

Inflows and outflows of cash and cash equivalents divided within the statement of cash flows into cash flows from ordinary activities, from investing and acquisition activities, and from financing activities. 

Commercial papers

Short-term bearer bonds with a promise to pay, issued for the purpose of generating short-term debt capital. 


Acting in conformity with applicable regulations; adherence to laws, rules, regulations and in-house or corporate codes of conduct. 

Compound annual growth rate

Year-over-year rate of growth, e.g. of an investment, over a defined period. 

Corporate governance

System of management and control, primarily within listed companies. Describes the powers and authority of corporate management, the extent to which these need to be monitored and the extent to which structures should be put in place through which certain interest/ stakeholder groups may exert influence on the corporate management. 

Corporate Governance Code

The German Corporate Governance Code (abbreviation: DCGK) is intended to render the rules governing corporate management and control for a stock corporation in Germany transparent for national and international investors, engendering trust and confidence in the corporate management of German companies. 

Credit default swap

Instrument used by Henkel to evaluate the credit risks of banks. 

Credit facility

Aggregate of all loan services available on call from one or several banks as cover for an immediate credit requirement. 


Abbreviation for Deutscher Aktienindex, the German share index. The DAX lists the stocks and shares of Germany’s 30 largest listed corporations. Henkel’s preferred shares are quoted on the DAX. DAX is a registered trademark of Deutsche Börse AG, the German stock exchange company. 

Declaration of conformity

Declaration made by the management/executive board and supervisory board of a company according to Section 161 of the German Stock Corporation Act [AktG], confirming implementation of the recommendations of the Governmental Commission for the German Corporate Governance Code. 

Deferred taxes

In accordance with International Accounting Standard (IAS) 12, deferred taxes are recognized with respect to temporary differences between the statement of financial position valuation of an asset or a liability and its tax base, unused tax losses and tax credits. 

Defined benefit plans

Post-employment benefit plans other than defined contribution plans. 

Defined contribution plans

Post-employment benefit plans under which an entity pays fixed contributions into a separate entity (a fund) and will have no legal or constructive obligation to pay further contributions if the fund does not hold sufficient assets to pay all employee benefits relating to employee service in the current and prior periods. 


Financial instrument, the value of which changes in response to changes in an underlying asset or an index, which will be settled at a future date and which initially requires only a small or no investment. 


Disposal, sale or divestiture of an asset, operation or business unit. 

Earnings per share (EPS)

Metric indicating the income of a joint stock corporation divided between the weighted average number of its shares outstanding. The calculation is performed in accordance with International Accounting Standard (IAS) 33. 


Abbreviation for Earnings before Interest and Taxes. Standard profit metric that enables the earning power of the operating business activities of a company to be assessed independently of its financial structure, enabling comparability between entities where these are financed by varying levels of debt capital. 


Abbreviation for Earnings before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization. 

Economic value added (EVA®)

The EVA concept reflects the net wealth generated by a company over a certain period. A company achieves positive EVA when the operating result exceeds the weighted average cost of capital. The WACC corresponds to the yield on capital employed expected by the capital market. EVA is a registered trademark of Stern Stewart & Co. 

Equity ratio

Financial metric indicating the ratio of equity to total capital. It expresses the share of total assets financed out of equity (owners’ capital) rather than debt capital (provided by lenders). Serves to assess the financial stability and independence of a company. 

Fair value

Amount at which an asset or a liability might be exchanged or a debt paid in an arm’s length transaction between knowledgeable, willing parties. 

Free cash flow

Cash flow actually available for acquisitions, dividend payments, the reduction of borrowings and contributions to pension funds.


Amount by which the total consideration for a company or a business exceeds the netted sum of the fair values of the individual, identifiable assets and liabilities.

Gross margin

Indicates the percentage by which a company’s sales exceed cost of sales, i.e. the ratio of gross profit to sales.

Gross profit

Difference between sales and cost of sales.

Hedge accounting

Method for accounting for hedging transactions whereby the compensatory effect of changes in the fair value of the hedging instrument (derivative) and of the underlying asset or liability is recognized in either the statement of income or the statement of comprehensive income.

Hybrid bond

Equity-like corporate bond, usually with no specified date of maturity, or with a very long maturity, characterized by its subordination in the event of the issuer becoming insolvent.


Abbreviation for International Accounting Standards and International Financial reporting Standards respectively. In Europe, capital market-oriented companies are generally required to prepare consolidated financial statements in accordance with the International Financial Reporting Standards adopted by the European Union. Standards issued before 2003 are known as IAS, those since that date are IFRS.


Impairments of assets are recorded when the recoverable amount is lower than the carrying amount at which the asset is recognized in the statement of financial position. The recoverable amount is calculated as the higher of fair value less costs to sell (net realizable value) and value in use. 

IT risk

The international standard ISO/IEC 27001 “Information technology, Security techniques, Information security management systems, Requirements” specifies the requirements for establishing, implementing, operating, monitoring, reviewing, maintaining and improving a documented Information Security Management System within the context of an organization’s overall IT risks. ISO/IEC 27002 additionally provides recommendations for designing the control mechanisms needed for information security. 


Abbreviation for “Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien.” A KGaA is a company with a legal identity (legal entity) in which at least one partner has unlimited liability with respect to the company’s creditors (personally liable partner), while the liability for such debts of the other partners participating in the share-based capital stock is limited to their share capital (limited shareholders). 

Long-term incentive (LTI)

Bonus aligned to long-term financial performance. 

Market capitalization

Market value of a company calculated from the number of shares issued multiplied by their list price as quoted on the stock exchange. 

Net debt

Borrowings less cash and cash equivalents and readily monetizable financial instruments classified as “available for sale” or in the “fair value option,” less positive and plus negative fair values of hedging transactions. 

Net working capital

Inventories plus payments on account, receivables from suppliers and trade accounts receivable, less trade accounts payable, liabilities to customers and current sales provisions.

Non-controlling interests

Proportion of equity attributable to third parties in subsidiaries included within the scope of consolidation. Previously termed “minority interests.” Valued on a proportional net asset basis. A pro-rata portion of the net earnings of a corporation is due to shareholders owning non-controlling interests.

Operational Excellence

A comprehensive program to structure and optimize all Henkel’s business processes based on customer needs, quality and efficiency.

Organic sales growth

Growth in revenues after adjusting for effects arising from acquisitions, divestments and foreign exchange differences – i.e. “top line” growth generated from within.

Payout ratio

Indicates what percentage of annual net income (adjusted for exceptional items) is paid out in dividends to shareholders, including non-controlling interests.

Plan assets

Pension fund investment vehicles per definition under IAS 19 “Employee Benefits.”


Assessment of the creditworthiness of a company as published by rating agencies.

Return-enhancing portfolio

Contains investments in equities and alternative investments, and serves to improve the overall return of the pension plan assets over the long term in order to raise the coverage ratio of pension funds. In addition, a broader investment horizon increases the level of investment diversification.

Return on capital employed (ROCE)

Profitability metric reflecting the ratio of earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) to capital employed.

Return on sales (EBIT)

Operating business metric derived from the ratio of EBIT to revenues. Also known as EBIT margin.

Scope of consolidation

The scope of consolidation is the aggregate of companies incorporated in the consolidated financial statements. 

Share of advertising/Share of market

A company’s share of total advertising spend in relation to its market share, specific to its active markets.

Short-term incentive (STI)

Bonus aligned to short-term financial performance.

Supply chain

Encompasses purchasing, production, storage, transport, customer services, requirements planning, production scheduling and supply chain management.


Term given to the exchange of capital amounts in differing currencies (currency swap) or of different interest obligations (interest swap) between two entities.


Method, based on fair value, used to calculate the maximum likely or potential future loss arising from a portfolio.

Viral online marketing campaign

A form of internet marketing aimed at generating digital WOM (“word of mouth”) via e-mail, social networks and/or video networks in order to get a product or brand quickly known. The term “viral” alludes to the manner by which the information spreads – like a virus.


Measure of fluctuation and variability in the prices quoted for securities, in interest rates and in foreign exchange rates. 

Weighted average cost of capital (WACC)

Average return on capital, calculated on the basis of a weighted average of the cost of debt and equity. WACC represents the minimum return expected of a company by its lenders for financing its assets.